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lamenting over the shameful dragging of Hector, had not only their domestic pain, but groaning for the woes of men of alien speech they wept in turn for their many-tongued allies. The Lycians wept for Sarpedona whom his mother, glorying in the bed of Zeus, had sent to Troy; howbeit he fell by the spear of Patroclus, son of Menoetius, and there was shed about him by his sire a mist that wept tears of blood. The Thracians wailed for Rhesusb that in the guileful night was fettered by an evil sleep. And for the fate of Memnonc Eos, his mother, hung aloft a cloud in heaven and stole away the light of shamefast day. The women fromd Thermodon dear to Ares, beating the unripe, unsucked circle of their breasts, mourned the warlike maiden Penthesileia, who came unto the dance of war, that war of many guests, and with her woman‚s hand scattered the cloud of men back to their ships beside the sea; only Achilles withstood her with his ashen spear and slew and despoiled her and gave her funeral.

And still all Ilios stood, by reason of her god-built towers, established upon unshaken foundations, and at the tedious delay the people of the Achaeans chafed.


a Iliad xvi. 490. Patroclus slays Sarpedon, son of Zeus and Laodamia (Il. Vi. 198 f.). Zeus caused a miraculous darkness to fall upon the battle (Il. Svi. 567), the body of Sarpedon was taken up by Apollo and attended by Sleep and Death to Lycia (ibid. 676 ff.).

b Iliad x. 435 ff. Rhesus was killed in his sleep by Odysseus and Diomedes.

c Memnon, son of Tithonus and Eos (Dawn), is unknown to the Iliad: in Od. iv. 188 he is mentioned as slayer of Antilochus and xi. 522 as the most beautiful of those who fought at Troy. His death at the hands of Achilles was told in the Aethiopis of Arctinus, and is described in Qu. Smyrnaeus ii. 542 f., as also the miraculous darkness which enabled his friends to recover his body, 550 f.

d The Amazons, a race of warrior women, whose chief home was Themiscyra on the Thermodon in Pontus. They were reputed to mutilate one or both breasts to enable them better to draw the bow and throw the spear; hence they got their name (Susan note Grk) „without breasts.š (Here Tryph. Seems to take the word to mean „not giving suck.š Philostr. Her. Xx. 42 makes it „unsuckled.š) They were in art represented usually with right breast bare. Their queen Penthesileia was slain at Troy by Achilles, who was smitten with love for her as she died and gave her honourable burial.

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