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From Greek and Roman Mythology & Heroic Legend, by Professor H. Steuding, Translated from the German and Edited by Lionel D. Barnett. The Temple Primers, London: J. M. Dent; 1901; p. 14.


Greek Religion from the Beginning of the Homeric Age :

Olympian Deities.   § 25.  At the head of the divine State of Olympos we find in Homer Zeus and his royal spouse Hera. Their favourite children are Athena, the protectress of the weaver’s art and friend of heroes, and the skilful smith Hephaistos. Somewhat more distant from them are Apollon, Artemis, and Hermes, as also the sister and brother of Zeus, Demeter the giver of corn and the lord of the sea Poseidon. Ares and Aphrodite, deities who probably are of foreign origin, have already been taken into the family of the gods on terms of equality; on the other hand, the embodiments of the sun and moon as well as the other nature-deities stand in the background. The power of the goddesses who guide destiny is now in its earliest development. Last came the mystic and ecstatic religion of Dionysos, which spread abroad in the age after Homer, and by working upon the emotions and imagination gained great importance at the expense of other worships, which by this time had become more formal.

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Olympian Deities :

I.  Zeus and his Circle.

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